Medical Center MEDICA 2005


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MC Academica 2008 - Pleven
Medica 2005 Medical Center
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Generalized anxiety

Generalized anxiety

TMS for generalized anxiety

Anxiety means persistent extreme day-to-day or long-term worry. Stressful thoughts cannot be controlled, on the contrary, they control patients, resulting in constant anxiety. Everyone experiences anxiety from time to time, but it is temporary. When persistent, anxiety impairs life and professional performance.

A feeling of tension, worry or fear defines the symptoms of anxiety. It can be heavy or light.

Generalized anxiety disorder is a common condition, affecting up to 5% of the general population. The percentage is higher among women and the age range between 35 – 59 years.

What are the symptoms of anxiety?

Anxiety is a spectrum of symptoms with psychological and physiological manifestation.

  • Vertigo
  • Palpitations in the cardiac region
  • Irritability
  • Insomnia
  • Impaired concentration
  • Profuse sweating
  • Shortness of breath
  • Discomfort in the abdominal area
  • Nausea
  • Muscle tightness

TMS for generalized anxiety uses magnetic pulses to stimulate specific regions of the brain that are responsible for the regulation of anxiety. By modulating neural activity in these areas, TMS helps rebalance brain circuits involved in emotional processing, which in turn leads to a reduction and improvement in emotional regulation.

How does TMS affect anxiety?

  • Neuroplasticity – TMS can induce changes in neural plasticity, whereby the brain reorganizes and adapts to stressors. By releasing magnetic pulses in targeted areas, TMS stimulates neural circuits involved in emotion regulation, which induces long-term changes in brain function and relieves symptoms of anxiety.
  • Regulation of neural circuits – anxiety is characterized by dysregulation of neural circuits involved in the emotional processing of fear and threat. TMS can modulate the activity of these circuits, restoring balance and reducing extreme stress reactivity.
  • Neurotransmitter modulation – TMS affects the release and activity of the neurotransmitters serotonin, dopamine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), which play a key role in the regulation of mood and anxiety.
  • Normalization of the pattern of brain activity - Functional imaging studies (qEEG) found changes in the pattern of brain activity in anxiety - hyperactivity in certain regions (amygdala) carrying out the process of fear processing and hypoactivity in other areas involved in cognitive control and regulation of emotions.